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Principal Investigator: Stephen Luby, Stanford University

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The study aims to investigate the human well-being and environmental impacts of the distribution of liquid propane gas (LPG) to replace firewood for cooking in Rohingya refugee camps. Research will explore multiple factors including use of time, security, household economics and indoor air pollution, which have particularly negative impacts on women and children. It will also investigate the cost-effectiveness of the fuel intervention and how the effectiveness of LPG distribution and uptake could be increased.

Stephen Luby

Stanford University

Refugee camps are complex environments where we often have little hard data to guide best practices. This study will provide guidance on the consequences of transitioning from biomass to a cleaner cooking fuel. We look for it to affect future responses to humanitarian crises.

Expected Outcomes

The study will add to the limited evidence base on LPG adoption and implementation of an LPG delivery system in a humanitarian context. Findings will help inform the continuation of propane distribution in Cox’s Bazar and inform cost-benefit models that could be adapted to other humanitarian settings.

LPG distribution
Rohingya House
Rohingya House

Research Methodology (brief summary)

The study will conduct a cross-sectional study of communities that are and are not receiving free propane distribution intended to reduce use of firewood for cooking. By studying the factors that influence household’s usage of propane and firewood, the research will better understand how these factors affect human well-being, household economics, and the environment.

Related Resources

Policy Brief Energy, Refugees and IDPs

Human Health and Environmental Costs and Benefits of Liquefied Petroleum Gas vs. Firewood for Cooking in the Rohingya Refugee Camp, Bangladesh

Latest Updates

Project video featured in CUGH's annual video competition in partnership with the Pulitzer Center

Apr 2023

The project video is available on this page. View this and other featured Public Health videos.


Project blog

Sept 2020

As the study team prepare to resume fieldwork in the Rohingya refugee camps in Cox’s Bazar, Bangladesh, they reflect on the value of multi-pronged data collection and strong collaborations to overcome unexpected changes to the situation in this project blog.


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