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3 Methods

3.2 Systematic literature review on contextual factors

3.2.4 Inclusion/exclusion criteria

The following seven inclusion criteria were used for this review:

  • Types of studies: Primary quantitative and qualitative research published studies will be considered. [1]
  • Populations of interest: Populations affected by humanitarian crises in low and middle-income receiving humanitarian assistance, as defined by The World Bank.
  • Health outcomes of interest: Primary outcomes (e.g. morbidity, mortality, vaccination status), secondary outcomes (e.g. contraceptive prevalence rate), and primary outputs (e.g. malaria bed nets distributed, nutrition supplements provided etc).
  • Crisis Phase: Studies that cover the acute or chronic humanitarian crises, or early recovery phases of humanitarian crises.
  • Data type(s): Must include primary data collection.
  • Date of intervention / publication: January 1, 1980 – December 31, 2012.
  • Publication language:  English, French.

The following four exclusion criteria were used for this review:

  • Studies that do not directly link the specific contextual factor with health outcomes or outputs.
  • Studies that examine preparedness and resilience not linked to health outcomes in humanitarian crises (e.g. studies on housing fortification before flooding).
  • Studies that focus on post conflict and post disaster reconstruction.
  • Review papers; only the references of review papers were screened to find more primary data sources.

[1] Except for the Health Service Delivery review which examined quantitative studies only.

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