Shaping the future: Our strategy for research and innovation in humanitarian response.

A global organisation that finds solutions to complex humanitarian problems through research and innovation..
Our purpose is clear: we work in partnership with a global community of humanitarian actors, researchers and innovators to improve the quality of humanitarian action and deliver better outcomes for people affected by crises.
We empower the humanitarian community. Find out how we can support you...

3 Methods

3.2 Systematic literature review on contextual factors

3.2.4 Inclusion/exclusion criteria

The following seven inclusion criteria were used for this review:

  • Types of studies: Primary quantitative and qualitative research published studies will be considered. [1]
  • Populations of interest: Populations affected by humanitarian crises in low and middle-income receiving humanitarian assistance, as defined by The World Bank.
  • Health outcomes of interest: Primary outcomes (e.g. morbidity, mortality, vaccination status), secondary outcomes (e.g. contraceptive prevalence rate), and primary outputs (e.g. malaria bed nets distributed, nutrition supplements provided etc).
  • Crisis Phase: Studies that cover the acute or chronic humanitarian crises, or early recovery phases of humanitarian crises.
  • Data type(s): Must include primary data collection.
  • Date of intervention / publication: January 1, 1980 – December 31, 2012.
  • Publication language:  English, French.

The following four exclusion criteria were used for this review:

  • Studies that do not directly link the specific contextual factor with health outcomes or outputs.
  • Studies that examine preparedness and resilience not linked to health outcomes in humanitarian crises (e.g. studies on housing fortification before flooding).
  • Studies that focus on post conflict and post disaster reconstruction.
  • Review papers; only the references of review papers were screened to find more primary data sources.

[1] Except for the Health Service Delivery review which examined quantitative studies only.

View Publication View Executive Summary View Executive Summary - French HHER 2021 Update

Subscribe to our newsletters....

Elrha © 2018 - 2024 Elrha is a registered charity in England and Wales (1177110). KEEP IN TOUCH Want to stay up to date with our latest updates? Sign up to our newsletters
Elrha Please upgrade your browser

You are seeing this because you are using a browser that is not supported. The Elrha website is built using modern technology and standards. We recommend upgrading your browser with one of the following to properly view our website:

Windows Mac

Please note that this is not an exhaustive list of browsers. We also do not intend to recommend a particular manufacturer's browser over another's; only to suggest upgrading to a browser version that is compliant with current standards to give you the best and most secure browsing experience.