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GOAL and Sanergy are working together to develop suitable sanitation solutions for urban emergencies where both time and space are limited.

GOAL and Sanergy will develop a Faecal Sludge Management (FSM) bulk consolidation container that enables bag-based sanitation systems to be easily and safely disposed of in the early stages of an emergency.

This system could be quickly deployed to locally consolidate and contain excreta, enabling it to be easily transported to a final disposal point, limiting potential negative health effects.

The project will also explore the link between humanitarian responders (such as GOAL) and social enterprises (such as Sanergy), with the aim to define possible linkages in emergency responses, as well as the gradual handover from humanitarian agencies to social enterprises as a reliable exit strategy.


Rapid on-set urban emergencies caused by man-made or natural disasters often lead to large amounts of people taking shelter in relatively small zones. These areas generally lack the necessary basic infrastructures to accommodate these sudden arrivals. Adequate sanitation facilities are essential to prevent the common water-borne diseases that accompany crowded living conditions; however the ability to install latrines is limited due to spatial restrictions.


The innovation will centre around the technical development of Bulk Consolidation Containers (BCCs) to contain faecal sludge, as well as the processes, incentives and partnerships needed in order to first collect the faecal bags and then to process the sludge in a sustainable, safe and environmentally friendly manner.

The BCC must be easily deployable, transportable and also release gasses while containing odours to make it more user acceptable. This is a product innovation, while also aiming to become a paradigm shift in sanitation solutions for the populations in urban emergency situations.

Over 18 months the project plans to move through the third and fourth stages of the innovation process, building on the recognition of the sanitation issue and invention of a potential solution, to develop the innovation from a practical perspective and possibly test it in a real life situation.

The innovation will build on NGO experience in emergency response, Sanergy’s experience in faecal sludge management and the existing practice of ad-hoc flying toilets in order to develop a sustainable and safe solution to sanitation needs in an urban emergency situation.


  1. Practitioner networks and preparedness plans developed
  2. Incentive options for households during early stage of emergencies developed through practitioner networks
  3. Rapidly deployable BCC developed
  4. Standards and guidelines for hygienic use of transfer station developed

Project Resources

Report Water, sanitation & hygiene

What Potential is there for Container Based Sanitation and the Social Enterprise in Urban Emergencies?

Latest Updates

Reimagining waste management in emergency contexts: A pilot

15 Mar 2016

Sanergy recently piloted a prototype mobile waste transfer system (mWTS) in Nairobi’s urban slums to figure out an easily deployable waste-management solution for emergency response scenarios.


Testing a solution for mobile waste transfer in urban slums

05 Mar 2015

In the days and weeks after a disaster, responders arrive, bringing standard large-scale kits for most needs, such as shelter and clean water.


Why is it Important to Link Humanitarian Response to Social Enterprise?

19 Nov 2014

Niall Boot, GOAL Global WASH Advisor, explores this question.


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