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Principal Investigators: Parveen Parmar, MD, MPH (University of Southern California), Adam Richards, MD, MPH, PhD (George Washington University)


This study aims to:

  • Develop, utilising causal loop analysis (CLA), a service delivery model that integrates village health workers (VHWs) into local health organisation strategies to improve cardiovascular disease (CVD) prevention.
  • Examine the feasibility and acceptability of the model utilising the Consolidated Framework for Implementation Research (CFIR).
  • Conduct a cluster randomised controlled trial (cRCT) at the village level to estimate the causal relationship of the VHW model on the proportion of adults over 40 years old taking appropriate CVD medications. Secondary outcomes include estimated change in 10-year CVD risk, community screened, linkage to care, 30day adherence to medication, changes in blood pressure (BP) and blood glucose (BG), and cost.
  • Conduct a cost-effectiveness analysis (CEA) and distributional CEA of the intervention.

Dr. Than Tun Sein


In an area with high CVD risks, the study is highly important for the ethnic people in conflict situation where CVD risk reduction through volunteer workers would be implemented and tested – from epidemiology as well as equity perspectives.

Expected Outcomes

Control of CVD risk factors requires consistent, longitudinal access to medications. Most CVD care models are based on professional clinicians and health facilities. However, given the prolonged nature of conflict, this is simply not possible in many regions — and many of these regions have a high burden of CVD prior to conflict.  It is hoped that the research will identify key best practices in creating a locally led VHW programme focusing on mitigating CVD risk in eastern Myanmar, a region affected by prolonged conflict. The study envisages to develop an approach that might be replicated in other regions, including an explicit approach involving affected communities and regional health leadership (in this case, leadership of local health organisations), in order to develop a locally relevant programme.

A community health worker provides care to an elderly person in southeastern Myanmar. Credit: Htoo Tay Zar/Community Partners International

Related Resources

Policy Brief Disease (Communicable & Non-communicable), Health Systems & Services, Non communicable disease

Mapping the Health System in Southeastern Myanmar


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