Principal Investigator: Thomas F. Burke, MGH
Five of the 7.2 billion people on earth have limited access to emergency surgery when needed and one of the primary barriers is a lack of anaesthesia services. The research set out to rigorously test the safety and effectiveness of Every Second Matters – Ketamine Humanitarian Crisis™ (ESM-Ketamine HC™) when administered by non-anaesthetists in the crisis-affected regions of Kenya that border South Sudan and Somalia. The project aimed to improve access to emergency and life-improving surgery after implementation of the ESM-Ketamine HC package in Garissa, Turkana, Mandera, and Wajir counties.
The project helped gain a clearer picture of the feasibility and safety of ESM-Ketamine in humanitarian settings. The research also demonstrated the value of ESM-Ketamine according to providers, surgeons, and facility administrators, most of whom enthusiastically support the expansion of the program throughout Kenya and to other resource-limited settings. The wide availability and low cost of ketamine helped with the financial burden of surgeries. ESM-Ketamine was found to significantly decrease waiting times, increase institution surgical capacity, and improve the reputation of facilities and perception of quality of care based on perceived outcome improvement and timely management of surgical emergencies when no anaesthetist was available.
MGH has been awarded a follow-on Saving Lives at Birth (SLAB) Transition to Scale grant to expand ESM-Ketamine to 15 additional facilities across Kenya. SLAB funding will support further improving and advancing the science regarding the package quality, safety, and impact; securing the necessary political will (to include local, regional, and foreign stakeholders); and developing a sustainable, pre-service training model aimed at providers in resource-limited settings where anaesthetists are not consistently available. (https://savinglivesatbirth.net/summaries/332).
Turkana County in Kenya faces unique barriers in access to care, particularly flooding, poor roads, and the rural environment. “Often people are five to six hours from the hospital, sometimes…View
As our in-country partner, Sagam Community Hospital (SCH) is the central training hub for ESM-Ketamine providers, we sat down with Mr. Javan Imbamba, a Clinical Officer at SCH, and Mr….View
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