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Human Health and Environmental Costs and Benefits of Liquefied Petroleum Gas vs. Firewood for Cooking in the Rohingya Refugee Camp, Bangladesh
This policy brief summarizes a study on the multi-sectoral benefits and costs of free liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) distribution in the Rohingya refugee camp. This study
evaluated households newly enrolled in the LPG distribution program and compared them to households that were already receiving LPG to measure the impact of the LPG distribution program. Provision of free LPG was associated with reduced deaths and disease due to indoor air pollution, increased carbon storage, improved food security and mental health, and reduced inter-group and domestic conflict.
Long-term provision of LPG to nearly 1 million refugees is a feasible and cost-effective strategy to support the food security, nutrition, health, and safety of refugees while protecting the environment and reducing tension with host communities. These findings support policy and donor decisions on the provision of clean cooking fuel in humanitarian settings.
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