Migrating pastoralists in Jodhpur are exposed to extreme climate variability when growth of green forage resources, availability of water, livestock health and pastoral markets are adversely impacted. Common Facility Centres (CFCs) ensure preparedness to extreme climate variability by enhancing access to food, water and healthcare services for migrating herds. By addressing these pain points, pastoralists are able to maintain their herding and trade practices even during climate emergencies, boosting survival for herds and livelihood safety for herders despite a steadily increasing frequency of heat and cold waves in the desert regions of Rajasthan.
Dry fodder, drinking water and vaccines are increasingly hard to find along pastoral migration routes during climate emergencies due to poor accessibility and inflated prices, making migration a liability. CFCs with water, fodder and heath services for herds and resting and trade opportunities for herders allow long-range pastoralism to continue despite environmental and market shocks. Existing markets and facilities for herders are not integrated with the modern cash economy, leaving them outdated, marginalised and less equipped to deal with increasing external pressures such as heat and cold waves. CFCs provide the space for responding to the needs of pastoralists and herds through water reservoirs, fodder plantations, vaccination camps and business hubs for pastoral products (milk, dung, wool). It facilitates the growth of an inclusive rural economy that allows marginalised herder groups to continue their mobile livelihood practices despite unforeseen climate hurdles.
1) Improving access to basic support services and infrastructure for transhumant pastoralists and their migrating livestock animals along the pastoral routes
2) Increased resilience and livelihood security of agro-pastoralists through integration of value chains for livestock and farm products
3) Improving policy atmosphere for transhumant pastoralists through knowledge synthesis and outreach and advocacy of evidence-based policy suggestions
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