In 2013, the the Humanitarian Innovation Fund (HIF) commissioned a Gap Analysis to identify key challenges in emergency Water Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH). This highlighted improving faecal sludge management during emergencies as an area requiring urgent attention. Specifically, methods for disposing of bulk faecal sludge have been highlighted as a significant problem particularly during rapid onset emergencies.
Despite the numerous innovations and technologies for a variety of humanitarian contexts that have emerged, there is still a knowledge gap among persons responsible for managing the disposal of bulk faecal sludge during rapid onset emergencies (within the first 6 months).
In addition lack of awareness among practitioners of existing faecal sludge disposal guidelines and existing guidelines not being user-friendly could be among factors accounting for inaction.
The research aims to understand what are the driving forces behind the decisions made on faecal sludge management in first phase emergencies. With this understanding, more targeted and effective methods of disseminating technical information or guidance on faecal sludge management can be developed. Additionally, this work will identify and review all emerging and proven technical solutions for disposal faecal sludge in first phase emergencies.
Research component (led by BORDA):
Dissemination component (led by Solidarités International):
 Elrha WASH Gap Analysis
BORDA begins its research into riving forces behind the decisions made on faecal sludge disposal.
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