Pakistan floods: innovations and guidance for the response.

We are Elrha, a force for change in the humanitarian community. The research and innovation we support equips the humanitarian community with the knowledge of what works, so people affected by crises get the right help when they need it most.
Our purpose is clear: to empower the humanitarian community to improve humanitarian response. We make this happen by supporting and championing the outcomes of robust research and proven innovations.
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This study aims to estimate the effectiveness of pneumococcal vaccines, if delivered in a single campaign, to improve child health before routine immunisation services can be restored.

The findings indicate that pneumococcal vaccines delivered at high coverage in a single dose one-off campaign to children up to at least five years old can provide substantial protection against pneumococcal disease in displaced populations. Partial protection in unvaccinated birth cohorts can be sustained for three to five years through herd protection. Campaigns targeting only children at highest risk for disease (those under two) are less effective and less efficient.

This snapshot contains key messages, findings, implications for humanitarian policymakers and practitioners and recommendations for further research.

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