Shaping the future: Our strategy for research and innovation in humanitarian response.

A global organisation that finds solutions to complex humanitarian problems through research and innovation..
Our purpose is clear: we work in partnership with a global community of humanitarian actors, researchers and innovators to improve the quality of humanitarian action and deliver better outcomes for people affected by crises.
We empower the humanitarian community. Find out how we can support you...

What humanitarian need is being addressed?

Women’s health is just one of the many competing priorities in humanitarian settings. World Bank has estimated that 500 million women and girls globally lack access to menstrual hygiene products and adequate facilities for menstrual hygiene management (MHM). This means menstrual health remains difficult for many to achieve. 

Women and girls experience a great deal of shame around managing menstruation. Menstrual stigma and misinformation intensify the challenges. Those that can buy menstrual products often don’t have privacy when doing so, with some avoiding reusable pads altogether because of their distinctive shape and brightly coloured material. There’s a lack of privacy when trying to wash, dry and dispose of their products discreetly; some are buried, burned or thrown out of windows. And cloths are washed unhygienically and then dried in private places, such as under beds. This lack of appropriate options doesn’t just contribute to pressures on women and girls; some also suffer recurring infections.  

What is the innovative solution and how will it improve existing humanitarian practice?

Zero Waste Menstrual Hygiene Solution is a three-part innovation designed to transform women and girls’ ability to manage menstruation with dignity. The first part of the innovation is reusable, antimicrobial period underwear to replace the unpopular reusable pads. The second and third parts are an MHM washing bag and MHM drying bag. All products are black, making it easier for women and girls to carry, wash and dry their period products discreetly. 

What progress has been made?

The project team ran three pilots, including a randomised controlled trial, in Bangladesh. Demand for the period underwear was so high that all 450 participants in the controlled trial (who worked together in one factory) demanded that their employer supply period underwear to its entire 6,000-female workforce. This has since expanded to support another 2,000 workers. A further 10,000 workers are due to be supported by 2026. 

 In Vanuatu, World Vision trialed the period underwear among women and girls with intellectual disabilities. It found that those who usually needed caregiver support to change their sanitary pads or reusable pads could manage independently. There is currently a two-year programme in place to support women and girls with physical and intellectual disabilities.  

In Somalia, Medair has trialled all three products among more than 2,800 women in an internally displaced persons camp. The focus group discussion was overwhelmingly positive, and the results of the trial are due shortly.  

The team is working with Oxfam to understand how the Reemi innovation will perform in acute humanitarian response in Mali, the Central African Republic, Somalia and Gaza. 

Innovation Potential

The innovation team plans to develop other products to address issues that occur in the female lifecycle, including incontinence.  


Links to more information

Reemi Research


Garment workers participating in a educational session with Change Associates. Photo credit: Reemi

Latest Updates

Innovation in Menstrual Hygiene Management

Jul 2022

Overcoming Social Stigma and Creating Zero-waste Period Products


Breaking the Silence

Jul 2022

Group Discussions, Social Pressure, and the Adoption of Health Technologies


Local Entrepreneurship Model Concept Note

Jun 2022

This Concept Note’s objective is to explore a range of sales and distribution methodologies


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