Humanitarian practice guidelines recommend the integration of gender and protection programming at each phase of a humanitarian crisis. Intimate partner violence (IPV) is one of the most common forms of gender-based violence; however, most guidelines focus on the prevention of violence in the emergency phase and the protection of women from non-partner sexual violence.
There are fewer guidelines on how to prevent IPV among displaced populations during the stabilisation phase of a crisis and on how to adapt IPV interventions from non-humanitarian settings to humanitarian settings. There are limited data on IPV and a lack of evidence on effective IPV interventions in humanitarian settings; thus, there is a need for innovation in this area of humanitarian response.
The project developed and tested a novel intervention to reduce IPV in displaced Muslim communities in sub-Saharan Africa. The intervention targeted women, men and married couples in a Somali refugee population in Ethiopia and used community practices, cultural ceremonies or traditions as a platform for intervention delivery. The proposed project attempted to also understand and assess the protective cultural traditions that prevent and reduce IPV within families and communities rather than only emphasising the ‘harmful’ traditions addressed in current research and programming.
This also allowed exploration of how cultural norms related to IPV and how cultural practices and ceremonies shift as a result of displacement. This project developed a framework that can be used as a tool for program planning and design by other humanitarian actors in other settings to integrate cultural factors into the design of public health and IPV interventions.
This innovation built the evidence base on gender, social, cultural, and religious norms that contribute to IPV in displaced populations and also informed how cultural and community practices in refugee settings serve as platforms for IPV intervention delivery. This evidence was used to inform IPV intervention design and implementation in refugee settings.
With a first phase of funding from Elrha’s Humanitarian Innovation Fund (HIF) from 2016 to 2019, three IPV prevention interventions – for women, men and couples – were developed, piloted and refined. Key achievements of the project’s first phase included:
Please read the final report below to find out more about what was achieved in this first phase of funding.
Following the successful delivery of the above outputs, in 2019, J-PAL at the Paris School of Economics and their partners were awarded a second grant from the HIF’s diffusion call to support the scaling of this intervention. With this diffusion grant, practical, field friendly tools were developed to facilitate the implementation of the innovation by diverse stakeholders. With dissemination of the project’s findings at both the local and global levels central to the diffusion phase, it is expected that the learning and evidence from this intervention may be used to address IPV in other humanitarian contexts.
It is hoped that the intervention will lead to long term impacts in attitudes and behaviours related to gender, social, cultural and religious norms that contribute to IPV, which will lead to decreased incidence of IPV in humanitarian settings.
As we wrap up our diffusion activities, we look to next steps in the journey to scale for our innovation which addresses intimate partner violence in refugee contexts.View
J-PAL reflect on their diffusion journey which involves the creation of field-friendly, practical tools to facilitate implementation of Unite for a Better Life, and efforts to disseminate the project's lessons and findings.View
In April 2019, The Paris School of Economics' Abdul Latif Jameel Poverty Action Lab was successfully awarded a HIF diffusion grant to help them scale their project.
Reflections on the accomplishments and key lessons learned from this project are presented, and next steps for the future are described.View
As part of the 16-session in-person intervention, there are multiple sessions addressing gender equality and stepping outside of gender norms. This has been particularly beneficial for one participant, who has since seen her marital relationship improve and become more equalView
While there is a growing body of literature on intervention data, there is less attention on the process of piloting. This blog describes several key activities undertaken to ensure a successful pilot.View
I recently travelled to the Bokolmayo refugee camp in Dollo Ado, Ethiopia, to start the next phase of fieldwork, and I observed preparations to recognise World Refugee Day on 20 June 2018View
People usually chew this plant to get psycho-stimulation effect in the form of euphoria and excitement resulting from the cathinone contents.View
“After all this, four of my friends are now fetching water with me for over a year. It is hard to convince men, it is even harder to convince women in our community.”View
With their baseline data collection done and the final stage of their project on intimate partner violence in sight WAHA share the adaptation process of their intervention.View
In this blog the team discuss participatory research methods to provide some insight on to how this method differs from most other approaches to public health research.View
Dollo Ado is a city within the Somali Regional government of Ethiopia housing more than 210,000 refugees originating from Somalia who are displaced due to conflict, famine and other issues.View
What would it take to make our world a better place for all? What individual and collective actions could alleviate suffering of women and also advance women’s rights throughout the world?View
As the project kicks off, this first blog is devoted to introducing organizations and individuals involved in the project.View
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