Welcome to Elrha’s new home for publications! This free and easy to use tool holds every output from the work we fund through our two programmes; Humanitarian Innovation Fund (HIF) and Research for Health in Humanitarian Crises (R2HC), as well as anything produced or commissioned by Elrha.
You’ll find a variety of publications from gap analyses and peer reviewed journals, to case studies and evaluations, from across the diverse portfolio of work we fund in the humanitarian community.
152 research items
10/04/2017 R2HC Article, Peer Reviewed,
Authors: A Wilkinson, M Parker, F Martineau, M Leach,
Lead organisation: LSHTM,
Engaging ‘communities’: anthropological insights from the West African Ebola epidemic
The recent Ebola epidemic in West Africa highlights how engaging with the sociocultural dimensions of epidemics is critical to mounting an effective outbreak response. Community engagement was pivotal to ending the epidemic and will be to post-Ebola recovery, health system strengthening and future epidemic preparedness and response. Extensive literatures in the social sciences have emphasized how simple notions of community, which project solidarity onto complex hierarchies and politics, can lead to ineffective policies and unintended consequences at the local level, including doing harm to vulnerable populations. This article reflects on the nature of community engagement during the Ebola epidemic and demonstrates a disjuncture between local realities and what is being imagined in post-Ebola reports about the lessons that need to be learned for the future. We argue that to achieve stated aims of building trust and strengthening outbreak response and health systems, public health institutions need to reorientate their conceptualization of ‘the community’ and develop ways of working which take complex social and political relationships into account.
20/03/2017 HIF Report,
Authors: A T Warner, A Obrecht,
Monitoring Humanitarian Innovation
Monitoring is critical to humanitarian action. In the context of humanitarian innovation, monitoring is particularly important due to the uncertain nature of the work. This uncertainty means that humanitarian innovators need to keep a constant eye on their process and the wider environment so as to respond or adapt appropriately.
Current monitoring approaches have significant value in the day-to-day of innovation processes, yet they are rarely tailored for innovation contexts. They are therefore often inadequate for monitoring the progress of an innovation process or its likelihood of achieving success.
The aim of this Working Paper is to propose a new framework that can aid innovation managers and teams in the monitoring of their innovation’s progress towards success. This framework is called the ALNAP Innovation Milestones. It draws from the analysis of 15 projects funded by Elrha’s Humanitarian Innovation Fund (HIF), and the HIF-ALNAP research on what factors contribute to successful innovation processes.
01/03/2017 R2HC Report,
Authors: Karl Blanchet, Séverine Frison, James Smith,
Lead organisation: LSHTM,
Review of Evidence Supporting the Sphere Standards
This review is the result of a collaboration between Elrha, the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine (LSHTM) and the Sphere Project. Funded by DIFD and the Wellcome Trust, The Research for Health in Humanitarian Crises (R2HC) programme commissioned LSHTM to conduct a review of the evidence supporting the Sphere standards. This report contributes to the 2018 revision of the Sphere Handbook by providing rigorous analysis of existing evidence and supporting the production of new empirical evidence where appropriate.
01/03/2017 R2HC Report,
Authors: Séverine Frison, Karl Blanchet,
Survey on the Knowledge, Use, Structure and Content of the Sphere Handbook
This survey is the result of a collaboration between Elrha, the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine (LSHTM) and the Sphere Project. Funded by DIFD and the Wellcome Trust. The Research for Health in Humanitarian Crises (R2HC) programme commissioned LSHTM to document the level of empirical evidence on which the Sphere Handbook current principles and indicators are based, and to conduct a user survey to gather feedback on the Handbook content and structure. The review and survey were conducted in close collaboration with the Sphere Project, and have contributed to the process of the 2017 Handbook update.
06/01/2017 HIF Report,
Authors: A Obrecht, A T Warner, N Dillon,
Evaluating Humanitarian Innovation
For funders, evaluating humanitarian innovation is critical, given the higher risks involved in innovation projects; for others, including innovators themselves, evaluating innovation can appear to be an oxymoron.
Evaluations are the systematic and objective examination of an activity, policy or programme to determine its worth or significance. They often rely on a fixed set of criteria and a clear focus of ‘what’ is being evaluated. In contrast, innovation processes are characterised primarily by their open and iterative structure: innovation teams are expected to learn and make significant changes to their intended intervention or product along the way, rather than stick to an initial set of aims or criteria.
The core challenge for evaluators of humanitarian innovation (HI) is to correctly recognise and incorporate, rather than ignore or suppress, the value of iteration when carrying out their formal evaluations.
This paper aims to addressing the perspective of both the innovator and the evaluator, introducing a range of evaluative practice that humanitarian innovators can use, and providing an in-depth look at the concepts and evaluative criteria that are relevant to carrying out a summative evaluation of humanitarian innovation.