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Our WASH Gap Analysis identifies sanitation in humanitarian settings as the area with the most challenges and potential for innovation.

Several priority areas were outlined by our Gap Analysis and our Problem Exploration Report on Faecal Sludge Management.

These include:

  • the limited options for storing, treating and disposing of faecal sludge, particularly in areas where building pit latrines is not possible;
  • the lack of practical guidance on how to set up safe and sustainable faecal sludge disposal;
  • the limited use of purpose-built latrines.

Purpose-built latrines often fail to address the sanitation needs and practices of affected communities, leading people to prefer open defecation.

We have also produced a Challenge Candidate List, which provides a summary of the key challenges presented in the Problem Exploration Report on Faecal Sludge Management.

We have prioritised innovations looking to address these sanitation challenges.

We have prioritised innovations looking to:

  1. Develop and effectively disseminate guidance on building faecal sludge disposal sites in emergencies;
  2. Develop alternative solutions for faecal sludge storage, treatment, final disposal and drainage;
  3. Develop ways of rapidly engaging with affected communities to design better sanitation facilities;
  4. Understand links between lighting in latrine areas and gender-based violence.

WASH in Emergencies Problem Exploration Report: Faecal Sludge Management

There is a lack of standardisation of safety protocols and equipment to strengthen the de-sludging, transporting and disposal of faecal sludge. As well as this, the management of excreta during an emergency in an urban context has very limited options. More standardised and reliable concepts need to be developed to facilitate the implementation and management of sanitation programmes. This Problem Exploration Report offers a few areas for further exploration and development in Faecal Sludge Management.

Read our report

Our Sanitation Projects

Our Sanitation Tools & Resources

Report Water, sanitation & hygiene

Gap Analysis in Emergency Water, Sanitation and Hygiene Promotion

Tool COVID-19, Water, sanitation & hygiene

WASH Innovation Catalogue

Report Water, sanitation & hygiene

WASH in Emergencies Problem Exploration Report: Faecal Sludge Management

Sanitation Tools & Resources from our projects

Evaluation User-Centred Design, Water, sanitation & hygiene

We’re Listening: An Evaluation of User-Centred Community Engagement In Emergency Sanitation

Article, Peer Reviewed Water, sanitation & hygiene

Experimental Determination of Moisture Sorption Isotherm of Fecal Sludge

Literature Review User-Centred Design, Water, sanitation & hygiene

Community Engagement in Sanitation: A landscape review (2018)

Report Water, sanitation & hygiene

Final Report: Treatment and safe disposal of excreta in emergencies

Article, Peer Reviewed

Development of a Field Laboratory for Monitoring of Fecal-Sludge Treatment Plants

Report Water, sanitation & hygiene

Final Report: MicrobialSludgeQuality (MSQ) – Field Test Kit For Faecal Sludge Monitoring

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