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4 Results for Health Topics

4.6 Non-communicable disease

4.6.1 Non-communicable disease

  • The search strategy captured a total of 6107 papers. The vast majority did not discuss humanitarian crises, did not consider the impact of an intervention, or were related to injuries. Eight studies met the inclusion criteria.
  • The 8 studies were published between 1997 and 2014, with 6 of 8 published within the past five years.
  • Seven of the studies were with populations affected by armed conflict, and 1 study was with a population affected by an earthquake.
  • The studies were conducted in Jordan (N=4), Turkey, Afghanistan, Georgia, and India
  • Five studies used cohort studies, 1 a case series design, 1 an interrupted time series design, and 1 was an RCT. Most papers were moderate or weak in quality
  • NCD outcomes addressed were heart failure, hypertension, diabetes, chronic kidney disease, arthritis, and thalassaemia.
  • Interventions featuring disease-management protocols and/or cohort monitoring (particularly use of electronic patient records) demonstrated the strongest evidence of effectiveness.
  • No studies examined intervention costs.
  • There were no studies on NCD prevention activities.
  • Further details on the 8 studies are provided in Table 17, including data on the outcomes from the interventions.
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