Turkey and Syria earthquake: evidence-based innovations and guidance for acute crisis response.

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Tiger Worm Toilets contain composting worms inside the pit that digest faeces in-situ, replacing the build up of raw sludge with vermicompost. This removes the need for traditional desludging. To date, more than 900 Tiger Worm Toilets have been built and trialled across four countries by Oxfam in a range of settings including urban, peri-urban and camps. They have been shown to work in both household and shared communal camp settings.

This Manual provides guidance on how to set up a Tiger Worm Toilet.

The Manual is in three parts including:

Part 1: What is a Tiger Worm Toilet? Part 2: Manual of Designs Part 3: Manual of Operation Annex

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