Principal Investigator: Richard Bryant, University of New South Wales
People in low-and-middle-income countries are at greater risk of common mental disorders, such as anxiety and depression. These countries typically lack mental health resources to assist people in need, and so brief lay person delivered services are commonly used. Although scalable psychosocial programs are effective for most people, they are limited because many people do not respond to programs, and agencies cannot predict who will be responsive. It is not cost-effective to provide more intensive programs to all people with common psychological disorders.
This study tests how a stepped care program may provide scalable programs to all people who require assistance, and then a offer much-needed program to those who do not benefit from initial intervention. This framework tests a cost-effective model of care that addresses the psychological needs of most people, as well as those with persistent mental disorders in humanitarian crises.
We hope this research will provide the first evidence that a stepped care framework can lead to better and more cost-effective long-term mental health than currently available single programs.
It is expected that people with psychological distress who receive the stepped care program will display reduced anxiety and depression, and greater functioning relative to those who receive a single program. Specifically, this project is expected to show that by providing an additional more intensive, but still lay provider delivered, intervention for those who do not initially respond to a more generic psychosocial intervention, we can address the persistent mental disorders in an affordable manner by focusing more intensive programs on people who are non-responsive to first-line low-cost programs. These programs already exist and are available via the World Health Organization, however this project will produce a freely available template for how these programs can be integrated into local systems in ways that are cost-effective in resource-poor settings.
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