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Gender-based violence (GBV) was a serious problem in Nepal before the 2015 earthquake and is still a major problem for women and girls in the country.

Though concrete data is lacking, post-earthquake women and girls reported higher protection risks because of their displacement and living conditions. The risk of – sometimes life-threatening – that women face pose serious long-term threats to their health, economic prosperity and security.

A lack of data applies to all forms of GBV in Nepal, it obscures the problem and makes it difficult to measure the effectiveness of GBV programmes. The emergency and recovery context make impact measurement even more difficult with safety, ethical and other challenges.


This innovation project is in the problem recognition phase, and therefore aimed to provide a deeper understanding of localised GBV M&E approaches.

Current practices in GBV impact measurement include both qualitative and quantitative data – collected and analysed during baseline, midterm and endline evaluations to track the progress and impact of various tools like media monitoring, stakeholder analysis, case study documentation, and stakeholder interaction.

Many indicators rely on self-reporting but, due to the sensitivity and lack of awareness on the topic, we must assume under-reporting.

There is also challenge in documenting evidence of prevention cases, which could be a powerful resource to enhance GBV prevention and to identify opportunities to design effective programmes.

This project aimed to:

  • Assess the current practices and challenges in GBV impact measurement in this particular context.
  • Articulate the challenges around translating impact measurement of GBV programmes into better programming
  • Identify opportunities for innovation in measuring the impact of GBV programmes for earthquake-affected IDPs more effectively


The project produced and published a ‘Lessons Learned and Opportunities’ document, linked below,  to support humanitarian practitioners to analyse how the impact of GBV programmes is measured and why it is important.

This research contributes to raising the profile of measuring impact of GBV programmes for IDPs in post-earthquake context, increasing its recognition as challenging but vital work.

Working through their networks at the local, district, national and international level the Oxfam team  ensured wide dissemination and effective influencing of decision-makers.

More accurate and systematic M&E processes for measuring impact for GBV programmes make a meaningful difference, and can result in enhanced and more responsive programming for Oxfam, our partners and the sector more widely.

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Latest Updates

Report: Reviewing Current Practices of Gender Based Violence Programmes in Emergencies in Nepal

30 Jun 2019

Oxfam and partners publish their final learning report summarising the findings of this HIF funded project.


Inspiring good teamwork: jointly developing a detailed implementation plan

08 Oct 2019

Neeta Shrestha, research coordinator at Oxfam’s partner Child Workers in Nepal (CWIN) shares her personal reflections on jointly developing an implementation plan, and the importance of this when working as a consortium.


Exploring adolescent’s perceptions of Gender-based violence in Sindhulpalchok, Nepal

01 May 2019

In this first blog post, Suneeta from local partner MANK, shares her experience of engaging with adolescent girls and boys on the topic of GBV.

Group discussion during school interaction programme. Credit: Suneeta Bhukhaju, MANK.
Focus group discussion on Helambu, Sindhupalchowk. Photo credit: Bipana Dhimal / Oxfam
Focus group discussion on Helambu-Sindhupalchowk. Photo credit: Bipana Dhimal / Oxfam
Members of Helambu-1 IDP camp. Photo credit: BIpana Dhimal

Related Resources

Report Gender-based Violence

Reviewing Current Practices of Gender Based Violence Programmes in Emergencies in Nepal

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