We are Elrha, a force for change in the humanitarian community. The research and innovation we support equips the humanitarian community with the knowledge of what works, so people affected by crises get the right help when they need it most.
Our purpose is clear: to empower the humanitarian community to improve humanitarian response. We make this happen by supporting and championing the outcomes of robust research and proven innovations.
We empower the humanitarian community. Find out how we can support you...


Gender-based violence (GBV) was a serious problem in Nepal before the 2015 earthquake and is currently still a major problem for women and girls in the country.

Though concrete data is lacking, post-earthquake women and girls reported higher protection risks because of their displacement and living conditions. The risk of sexual violence and GBVsometimes life-threatening – that women face pose serious long-term threats to their health, economic prosperity and security.

A lack of data applies to all forms of GBV in Nepal, it obscures the problem and makes it difficult to measure the effectiveness of GBV programmes. The emergency and recovery context make impact measurement even more difficult with safety, ethical and other challenges.


This innovation project is in the problem recognition phase, and therefore aims to provide a deeper understanding of localised GBV M&E approaches.

Current practices in GBV impact measurement include both qualitative and quantitative data – collected and analysed during baseline, midterm and endline evaluations to track the progress and impact of various tools like media monitoring, stakeholder analysis, case study documentation, and stakeholder interaction.

Many indicators rely on self-reporting but, due to the sensitivity and lack of awareness on the topic, we must assume underreporting.

There is also challenge in documenting evidence of prevention cases, which could be a powerful resource to enhance GBV prevention and to identify opportunities to design effective programmes.

This project will:

  • Assess the current practices and challenges in GBV impact measurement in this particular context.
  • Articulate the challenges around translating impact measurement of GBV programmes into better programming
  • Identify opportunities for innovation in measuring the impact of GBV programmes for earthquake-affected IDPs more effectively


The project will produce and publish a ‘Lessons Learned and Opportunities’ document that will support humanitarian practitioners to analyse how the impact of GBV programmes is measured and why it is important.

This research will also help raise the profile of measuring impact of GBV programmes for IDPs in post-earthquake context and help it get more recognition as challenging but vital work.

Working through their networks at the local, district, national and international level the Oxfam team will help to ensure wide dissemination and effective influencing of decision-makers.

More accurate and systematic M&E processes for measuring impact for GBV programmes make a meaningful difference, and can result in enhanced and more responsive programming for Oxfam, our partners and the sector more widely.

Latest Updates

Exploring adolescent’s perceptions of Gender-based violence in Sindhulpalchok, Nepal

01 May 2019

In this first blog post, Suneeta from local partner MANK, shares her experience of engaging with adolescent girls and boys on the topic of GBV.

Group discussion during school interaction programme. Credit: Suneeta Bhukhaju, MANK.

Subscribe to our newsletters....

Elrha © 2018 - 2019 Elrha is a registered charity in England and Wales (1177110).
Elrha Please upgrade your browser

You are seeing this because you are using a browser that is not supported. The Elrha website is built using modern technology and standards. We recommend upgrading your browser with one of the following to properly view our website:

Windows Mac

Please note that this is not an exhaustive list of browsers. We also do not intend to recommend a particular manufacturer's browser over another's; only to suggest upgrading to a browser version that is compliant with current standards to give you the best and most secure browsing experience.