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Inadequate adherence to universal precautions for infection control can result in the unwitting participation of health workers in the transmission of disease. This could result in the emergence of drug resistant infections or the unfortunate propagation of highly infectious diseases in the event of disease outbreaks.
The appropriate use of universal precautions presents an opportunity to halt transmission/propagation in the early phase of an outbreak. It also protects health workers and patients from potentially disastrous consequences of hospital acquired infections.


Medical simulation is a proven tool for training personnel in safety critical industries. It has been shown to be more effective than traditional teaching methods in healthcare by increasing transmission of knowledge and skills, and promoting change in participant behaviour.

This project aims to provide a safe ‘realistic’ setting for health providers and participating health facilities to assess their existing infection control practices, identify vulnerabilities, and develop feasible universal precaution protocols according to recommended practice. This innovation will improve on existing practice by providing a safe environment to ‘fail’ and learn from errors in the delivery of healthcare.

This project will be focusing on the development and implementation phase of a process innovation.

This innovation provides an opportunity for health facilities to evaluate and improve their infection control practices with no risk to health workers or patients. It has the potential to breach the gap between recommended practice and feasible safe practice for health facilities in resource limited locations.

The training will be propagated to other facilities by local, in-country trainers, using a train-the-trainer model. This approach has the potential to promote sustainability of recommended practice and increase the impact of the intervention.

A human factors approach will provide no/low cost techniques that local institutions can independently use to assess their universal precaution protocols following the project.


  1. Creation of a manual on simulation training and evaluation of universal infection control practices.
  2. Publication of technical reports/manuscripts detailing the process, results and lessons learned for applying simulation in humanitarian response situations.

Latest Updates

A day to celebrate clean hands

27 May 2016

. The role of unclean hands in cross contamination has long been recognized, and hand hygiene has proven to be an effective means to minimize the spread of infectious agents.


Knowledge of infection control practice

04 Mar 2016

Human behavior flows from three main sources: desire, emotion and knowledge


Infection control: Conditions for safe practice

18 Dec 2015

Effective and sustained infection control practice in the healthcare environment is dependent on a multitude of factors


Time: a threat to infection control knowledge retention?

11 Nov 2015

During pre and post-training assessment sessions, the team simulated encounters with patients having infectious diseases requiring contact (cholera) and droplet (meningococcal meningitis) precautions.


An exploration of infection control practice in West Africa

4 Nov 2015

Dr. Adaora Chima pays a preliminary visit to the participating hospitals in Nigeria and Ghana.


Controlling Infection Transmission In The Hospital Environment.

23 Mar 2015

Rehearse, rehearse!


Reducing transmission

02 Feb 2015

Did you know that health workers and patients can unwittingly act as vectors in infection transmission?


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