Inadequate adherence to universal precautions for infection control can result in the unwitting participation of health workers in the transmission of disease. This could result in the emergence of drug resistant infections or the unfortunate propagation of highly infectious diseases in the event of disease outbreaks.
The appropriate use of universal precautions presents an opportunity to halt transmission/propagation in the early phase of an outbreak. It also protects health workers and patients from potentially disastrous consequences of hospital acquired infections.
Medical simulation is a proven tool for training personnel in safety critical industries. It has been shown to be more effective than traditional teaching methods in healthcare by increasing transmission of knowledge and skills, and promoting change in participant behaviour.
This project aims to provide a safe ‘realistic’ setting for health providers and participating health facilities to assess their existing infection control practices, identify vulnerabilities, and develop feasible universal precaution protocols according to recommended practice. This innovation will improve on existing practice by providing a safe environment to ‘fail’ and learn from errors in the delivery of healthcare.
This project will be focusing on the development and implementation phase of a process innovation.
This innovation provides an opportunity for health facilities to evaluate and improve their infection control practices with no risk to health workers or patients. It has the potential to breach the gap between recommended practice and feasible safe practice for health facilities in resource limited locations.
The training will be propagated to other facilities by local, in-country trainers, using a train-the-trainer model. This approach has the potential to promote sustainability of recommended practice and increase the impact of the intervention.
A human factors approach will provide no/low cost techniques that local institutions can independently use to assess their universal precaution protocols following the project.
. The role of unclean hands in cross contamination has long been recognized, and hand hygiene has proven to be an effective means to minimize the spread of infectious agents.View
Human behavior flows from three main sources: desire, emotion and knowledgeView
Effective and sustained infection control practice in the healthcare environment is dependent on a multitude of factorsView
During pre and post-training assessment sessions, the team simulated encounters with patients having infectious diseases requiring contact (cholera) and droplet (meningococcal meningitis) precautions.View
Dr. Adaora Chima pays a preliminary visit to the participating hospitals in Nigeria and Ghana.View
Did you know that health workers and patients can unwittingly act as vectors in infection transmission?View
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