Climate Adaptive Farming in Drought Prone Areas
Organisation: YAKKUM Emergency Unit (YEU)
Partners: District Agriculture and Food Agency of Gunungkidul (Dinas Pertanian dan Pangan Gunungkidul); Technical Implementation Unit for Seeds and Nursery Office (UPT Balai Benih Tanaman Pangan dan Hortikultura)
Location: Indonesia: 8 communities from Purwosari and Panggang sub-districts in Gunungkidul District of Yogyakarta Special Region
Type of grant: Seed-Funding
YAKKUM Emergency Unit (YEU) is introducing climate adaptive agriculture to 8 communities in Gunungkidul District to accelerate the adoption of resilience farming with necessary agriculture infrastructure, climate-related agriculture network and improved seeds propagation capacity against impacts of extreme climate events.
What is the humanitarian need?
Indonesia Disaster Risk Index in 2013, issued by BNPB (National Disaster Management Agency), classified Gunungkidul District in a multi-hazard zone with drought amongst the highest causes of disaster. However, current agriculture practices in the area indicate that farmers plant rice varieties for high productivity value which is not drought-tolerant. The condition is exacerbated by shifts in the seasonal farming calendar, irregular precipitation patterns which cause explosions of weeds, crop pests and plant diseases, and depleted water sources. These constitute to crop failures and shortage of locally-grown seed supply. Thus, it is necessary to develop drought-tolerant seeds for propagation, establish a production network and improve farmers’ organisational capacity.
What is the innovative solution?
The innovation will be introduced to 8 communities to address:
- non-structural adaptation strategy through locally-managed seed production which is more tolerant to drought
- strengthen institutional capacity of farmers’ groups and local government in the preparation to integrate climate adaptive agriculture into local regulations and preparedness scheme for food security
- utilising technology in accessing climate-related information to prepare for necessary adaptation actions
These proposed interventions are designed to reduce the risks from crop failure and to ensure the availability of seed storage in case of emergencies. In addition, farmers are encouraged to apply environment-friendly practices to farming through the production of organic fertiliser to improve the structure of soil in karst areas and bio-pesticide to control pests and diseases. The innovation on climate adaptive agriculture in drought-prone areas has considered cost-efficiency measures with a direct contribution from the target communities and the local government, and also replicability for sustainable practices.
What are the expected outcomes?
Overall Objective: Agricultural communities living in drought-prone zones are able to minimise the impacts of drought by supporting them through the production of short-cycle and drought-tolerant seed varieties, combating crop pests and diseases and in developing institutional capacity for food security.
- Improved capacity for farmers and the farmers’ network in the adoption of climate adaptive agriculture.
- Creation of technical support to access necessary information to address climate adaptive agriculture.
- Creation of a locally-managed seed bank mechanism which ensures the practices in seed propagation to produce drought-tolerant seeds.