Baseline Data Collection
The project aims to improve humanitarian practice by developing an innovative intervention targeting intimate partner violence (IPV) among a Muslim refugee population and delivered in the context of a cultural or community practice. IPV is hypothesized to be the most common form of gender-based violence in humanitarian settings, and has serious social, economical and health consequences, particularly in the context of displacement. This innovation will actively engage the targeted population within the Dollo Ado refugee camps of Ethiopia and assist them to question, challenge and transform norms that may lead to IPV.
Baseline data collection
As part of the pilot phase of the intimate partner violence prevention intervention, we collected baseline data in Bokolmayo camp in Dollo Ado, Ethiopia. Prior to the fieldwork, we had teams of experts with different but related expertise draft, develop and refine the baseline data collection instrument and the various tools, adapting the instruments utilised in the intervention in Butajira, Ethiopia. Once we were in the field, we focused on recruiting, training and selecting qualified enumerators.
The training was not about asking questions and recording responses. It was about respecting and adhering to the ethical principles set forth, acting as a researcher and obtaining accurate responses, establishing a very good rapport with the respondents so that they trust the enumerator and share their honest opinion.
The project team closely collaborated with the refugee regulatory bodies, Administration for Refugees and Returnee Affairs (ARRA) and the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), to identify all of the households living in the zones of the camp that were selected for participation in the study. Next we compiled detailed information about the households and identified those individuals or couples eligible to be engaged in the intervention based on the study criteria. From the list of 650 eligible households, we then randomly selected 180 households for participation in the pilot study. Later, these 180 households were randomly assigned to one of four groups, or study arms:
- Women participate in the program,
- Men participate in the program,
- Couples participate in the program, and
- Control group.
Baseline data was collected from all 180 households, and our team achieved a 100% response rate. During data collection, our focus was on obtaining high quality data that would help us to understand behaviours, attitudes and practices related to intimate partner violence. Hence, multiple preparations and numerous briefing sessions were held among the field team to ensure rigorous data collection. This included close supervision of the team, review of data collected each day and consistency checks. The data collection instrument included both direct questions around experience of intimate partner violence as recommended by the World Health Organisation, but also novel methods to measure violence.
Following the baseline data collection, the next step is to start the intervention sessions among groups of women, men, and couples. Endline data will be collected after the intervention..
Intervention Specialist for Emergency Operations
Addis Ababa, Ethiopia